Talk on Materialism Spiritualism and Shrama Dharma by C Venkata Ramaniah on 9/11 of 2009
- Brief Introduction
- Spiritualism – a brief
- Materialism – a brief
- History of philosophy( Eastern and Western ) – a brief
- Materialismspiritualism – a new paradigm in philosophy
- Tools used – truth and reality and five states of existence
- Under research and realization
- Shrama(Labour) – origin,development and philosophy
- Shrama Dharma – a new paradigm in social existence evolved from Eastern and Western life/cultural processes
- Materialismspiritualism and Shrama Dharma – two tools for synergy,peace.harmony,justice and development
- Objectives of the trust(MSMT)
- Conclusion – assimilation,integration and innovation and direction for future
There is a clear failure of the world order today.The gunpoint Capitalism and Communism evolved out of the Industrial Revolution are a clear failure at this stage unable to solve todayâ€™s problems. The conclusive orthodox religious order of various hues based on absoluteness, immutability, omnipotency, permanancy and perfection are not capable of answering todayâ€™s world awareness, often pulling the world backward towards intolerance and violence. The oft spoken love, brotherhood, concern for the fellow human being and co-operative social collaboration are missing today. From morning until going to bed, everybody seems to be running madly without holistic meaning to life.
It is the failure of the Teacher today than that of the student/public. The need of the hour is Innovation in every sphere more so in the social systems, social order and Spirituality.For a possible approach and answer, please visit http://www.materialistspiritualist.org/
In these days of MPâ€™S corruption, corruption in highest places, corruption all around us, favouratism, nepotism, discrimination, embezzlement, self-agrandizement and mis-management every where, intolerance, violence, mistrust, social indifference and social disorder, we have to look for alternatives. This prompted the registration of this Public Charitable Trust on 11-06-2003. There is a need for paradigm shift in our thinking, faiths, beliefs, attitudes and behavior for achieving Synergy, Peace, Harmony, Justice and Development. There is a need for striking a balance between materialism and spiritualism for ensuring human survival and life survival in general. The attitude of imposing/prescribing everything i.e. doâ€™s and donâ€™ts for progeny must go and a system of freshness, creativity and a relook at the entire past is the need of the hour. The world today faces extreme violence, be it extremism or terrorism or fundamentalism of various origins. The root cause has to be analyzed in a dispassionate and objective manner. The technological knowledge gained by mankind should not become source of its own destruction. Wisdom should prevail over knowledge. There is a need for balance every where, be it personal life, materialist and spiritual thoughts, social order, justice, equality of opportunity or development.
There is a need to understand materialism and spiritualism and philosophy of Shrama (Labour). Materialism gives that all life originated from matter and the methods used are scientific postulations, verification and that is the path ( i.e. induction or deduction). Whereas spiritualism originates itself from the realizations/revelations of Rishis/ Mahapurushas / Prophets / Imams / Teachers / Rabbies. To understand realization is to go through that process and that is not in your hands. There is no verifiable proof as required by the scientific method. With individuals who have gained scientific knowledge and methodology and spiritual realization, fusion between them is possible which will lead to synergy between materialism and spiritualism for human well being . In order to create knowledge and skills in this historically evolved situation, new ways and new postulations based on the above are required at least for the present time. These two aspects namely Materialism and Spiritualism are the only known aspects/methods of enquiry about truth and there could be infinite possible methods if mankind has evolved to that state. This being a possibility to understand synergy, peace, harmony, justice and development in society ( global / national), one has to understand meaning of labour (Shrama), its origin, its philosophy and its ideals.
In order to bring forth a direction and knowledge and skills on these above lines i.e. Materialism Spiritualism and Shrama Dharma, this Public Charitable Trust was registered on 11-06-2003, with other objectives as given in this website. Perhaps there will be more synergy, peace, harmony, justice and development with minimum Laws and least policing with the right kind of social systems and processes. It is the failure of the teacher today, than that of the student/public. The appropriate and effective systems and processes have to come in place and hence creative research is required to create this. This is the major objective of this Trust.
Brief points for the TALK
* Materialism â€“a brief
* History of Eastern and Western Philosophies — a brief
* Materialism Spiritualism – a new paradigm in philosophy
*Â Tools used â€“ Truth and reality and five states of existence
* Under research and realization
* Shrama (Labour) – origin, development and philosophy
* Shrama Dharma – a new paradigm in social existence evolved from Eastern and Western life/ Cultural processes
* Materialism Spiritualism and Sharma Dharma â€“ the two tools for Synergy, Peace, Harmony, Justice and Development
* Conclusion- assimilation, Integration and Innovation and direction for future.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Spirituality.
This article is about the religion. For other uses of spiritualism, see Spiritualism (disambiguation).
By 1853, when the popular song Spirit Rappings was published, Spiritualism was an object of intense curiosity.
Spiritualism is a monotheistic belief system or religion, postulating a belief in God, but the distinguishing feature is belief that spirits of the dead can be contacted, either by individuals or by gifted or trained “mediums“, who can provide information about the afterlife.
Spiritualism developed in the United States and reached its peak growth in membership from the 1840s to the 1920s, especially in English-language countries, By 1897, it was said to have more than eight million followers in the United States and Europe, mostly drawn from the middle and upper classes, while the corresponding movement in Latin speaking countries is known as Spiritism.
The religion flourished for a half century without canonical texts or formal organization, attaining cohesion by periodicals, tours by trance lecturers, camp meetings, and the missionary activities of accomplished mediums. Many prominent Spiritualists were women. Most followers supported causes such as the abolition of slavery and women’s suffrage.By the late 1880s, credibility of the informal movement weakened, due to accusations of fraud among mediums, and formal Spiritualist organizations began to appear. Spiritualism is currently practiced primarily through various denominational Spiritualist Churches in the United States and United Kingdom.
Not to be confused with Spiritualism.
The Helix Nebula, sometimes called the “Eye of God”
Spirituality is matters of the spirit, a concept often (but not necessarily) tied to a spirit world, amultidimensional reality and one or more deities. Spiritual matters regard humankind‘s ultimate nature and purpose, not as material biological organisms, but as spirits or energywith an eternal relationship beyond the bodily senses, time and the material world.
The spiritual is contrasted with the physical and the temporary. A sense of connection is central of spirituality — connection to a reality beyond than the physical world and oneself, which may include an emotional experience of awe and reverence. Spirituality may also include the development of the individual’s inner life through practices such as meditationand prayer, including the search for God, the supernatural, a divine influence, or information about the afterlife. Spirituality is the personal, subjective aspect of religion, mysticism, magicand occult
Spiritualism: Encyclopedia – Spiritualism
Spiritualism may refer to a variety of modern religious ideologies, primarily active in the United States and Europe. Central tenets of Spiritualist liturgy and dogma are the beliefs and practices of mediumship which purports to be evidence of the continued existence of an individual’s spirit or soul after death. The origin of Spiritualism is commonly considered to be the Modern Spiritualist movement of the 19th century United States. Spiritualism – Background. Spiritualism in its modern incarnation started …
SPIRITUALISM according to MSMT:
Spiritualism originates itself from the realizations of Rishis/ Mahapurushas / Prophets / Imams / Teachers / Rabbies. To understand realization is to go through that process and that is not in your hands. There is no verifiable proof as required by the scientific method. With individuals who have gained scientific knowledge and methodology and spiritual realization, fusion between them is possible which will lead to synergy between materialism and spiritualism for human wellbeing.
3.Materialism — a brief
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The philosophy of materialism holds that the only thing that exists is matter; that all things are composed of material and all phenomena (including consciousness) are the result of material interactions. In other words, matter is the only substance. As a theory, materialism is a form of physicalism and belongs to the class of monist ontology. As such, it is different from ontological theories based on dualism or pluralism. For singular explanations of the phenomenal reality, materialism would be in contrast to idealism and to spiritualism.
The view is perhaps best understood in its opposition to the doctrines of immaterial substance applied to the mind historically, famously by René Descartes. However, by itself materialism says nothing about how material substance should be characterized. In practice it is frequently assimilated to one variety of physicalism or another.
Materialism is often associated with the methodological principle of reductionism, according to which the objects or phenomena individuated at one level of description, if they are genuine, must be explicable in terms of the objects or phenomena at some other level of description — typically, a more general level than the reduced one. Non-reductive materialism explicitly rejects this notion, however, taking the material constitution of all particulars to be consistent with the existence of real objects, properties, or phenomena not explicable in the terms canonically used for the basic material constituents. Jerry Fodorinfluentially argues this view, according to which empirical laws and explanations in “special sciences” like psychology or geology are invisible from the perspective of basic physics. A lot of vigorous literature has grown up around the relation between these views.
Modern philosophical materialists extend the definition of matter to include other scientifically observable entities such as energy, forces, and the curvature of space. However philosophers such as Mary Midgley suggest that the concept of “matter” is elusive and poorly defined.
Materialism typically contrasts with dualism, phenomenalism, idealism, vitalism and dual-aspect monism. Its materiality can, in some ways, be linked to the concept of Determinism, as espoused by Enlightenment thinkers.
Materialism has been criticised by religious thinkers opposed to it[weasel words], who regard it as a spiritually empty philosophy. Marxism uses materialism to refer to a “materialist conception of history”, which is not concerned with metaphysics but centers on the roughly empirical world of human activity (practice, including labor) and the institutions created, reproduced, or destroyed by that activity (see materialist conception of history).
History of materialism
In Ancient Indian philosophy, materialism developed around 600 BCE with the works of Ajita Kesakambali, Payasi, Kanada, and the proponents of the C?rv?ka school of philosophy. Kanada was one of the early proponents of atomism. The Nyaya-Vaisesika school (600 BCE – 100 BCE) developed one of the earliest forms of atomism, though their proofs of God and positing that the consciousness was not material made them not to be materialists. The atomic tradition was carried forward by Buddhist atomism and the Jaina school.
Ancient Greek philosophers like Thales, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Democritus, Epicurus, prefigure later materialists. The poem De Rerum Natura by Lucretius recounts themechanistic philosophy of Democritus and Epicurus. According to this view, all that exists is matter and void, and all phenomena are the result of different motions and conglomerations of base material particles called “atoms.” De Rerum Natura provides mechanistic explanations for phenomena such as erosion, evaporation, wind, and sound. Famous principles like “nothing can come from nothing” and “nothing can touch body but body” first appeared in the works of Lucretius.
Later Indian materialist Jayaraashi Bhatta (6th century CE) in his work Tattvopaplavasimha(“the Upsetting of all principles”) refuted the Nyaya Sutra epistemology. The materialistic C?rv?ka philosophy appears to have died out some time after 1400 CE.
In early 12th-century al-Andalus, the Arabian philosopher, Ibn Tufail (Abubacer), wrote discussions on materialism in his philosophical novel, Hayy ibn Yaqdhan (Philosophus Autodidactus), while vaguely foreshadowing the idea of a historical materialism.
Later on, Thomas Hobbes and Pierre Gassendi represent the materialist tradition, in opposition to René Descartes‘ attempts to provide the natural sciences with dualistfoundations. Later are materialist and atheist Jean Meslier, Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, Paul-Henri Thiry Baron d’Holbach, Denis Diderot and other minor French enlightenment thinkers, as well as Ludwig Feuerbach, and, in England, the pedestrian traveller John “Walking” Stewart, whose insistence that all matter is endowed with a moral dimension had a major impact on the philosophical poetry of William Wordsworth.
Schopenhauer wrote that “…materialism is the philosophy of the subject who forgets to take account of himself.” He claimed that an observing subject can only know material objects through the mediation of the brain and its particular organization. The way that the brain knows determines the way that material objects are experienced. “Everything objective, extended, active, and hence everything material, is regarded by materialism as so solid a basis for its explanations that a reduction to this (especially if it should ultimately result in thrust and counter-thrust) can leave nothing to be desired. But all this is something that is given only very indirectly and conditionally, and is therefore only relatively present, for it has passed through the machinery and fabrication of the brain, and hence has entered the forms of time, space, and causality, by virtue of which it is first of all presented as extended in space and operating in time.”
Marx’s social materialism
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, turning the idealist dialectics of Georg Hegel upside down, came up with dialectical materialism and a materialist account of the course of history known as historical materialism. For Marx, the base material of the world is social relations (and mainly class relations, e.g, between serfs and lord, or today, between employees and employer). As an expression of these basic social relations, all other ideologies form, including those of science, economics, law, morality, etc.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels used the term to refer to a theoretical perspective that holds the satisfaction of everyday economic needs is the primary reality in every epoch of history. Opposed to German idealist philosophy, materialism takes the position that society and reality originate from a set of simple economic acts which human beings carry out in order to provide the material necessities of food, shelter, and clothing. Materialism takes as its starting point that before anything else, human beings must produce their everyday economic needs through their physical labor and practical productive activity. This single economic act, Marx believed, gives rise to a system of social relations which include political, legal and religious structures of society.
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Many current and recent philosophers—e.g., Daniel Dennett, Willard Van Orman Quine,Donald Davidson, John Rogers Searle, Jerry Fodor, and Richard Dawkins—operate within a broadly physicalist or materialist framework, producing rival accounts of how best to accommodate mind—functionalism, anomalous monism, identity theory and so on.
In recent years, Paul and Patricia Churchland have advocated a more extreme position,eliminativist materialism, which holds that mental phenomena simply do not exist at all—that talk of the mental reflects a totally spurious “folk psychology” that simply has no basis in fact, something like the way that folk science speaks of demon-caused illness.
The nature and definition of matter have been subject to much debate, as have other key concepts in science and philosophy. Is there a single kind of matter which everything is made of (hyle), or multiple kinds? Is matter a continuous substance capable of expressing multiple forms (hylomorphism), or a number of discrete, unchanging constituents (atomism)?    Does it have intrinsic properties (substance theory), or is it lacking them (prima materia)?
Without question science has made unexpected discoveries about matter. Some paraphrase departures from traditional or common-sense concepts of matter as “disproving the existence of matter”. However, most physical scientists take the view that the concept of matter has merely changed, rather than being eliminated.
One challenge to the traditional concept of matter as tangible “stuff” is the rise of field physics in the 19th century. However the conclusion that materialism is false may be premature.Relativity shows that matter and energy (including the spatially distributed energy of fields) are interchangeable. This enables the ontological view that energy is prima materia and matter is one of its forms. On the other hand, quantum field theory models fields asexchanges of particles — photons for electromagnetic fields and so on. On this view it could be said that fields are “really matter”.
All known solid, liquid, and gaseous substances are composed of protons, neutrons and electrons. All three are fermions or spin-half particles, whereas the particles that mediate fields in quantum field theory are bosons. Thus matter can be said to divide into a more tangible fermionic kind and a less tangible bosonic kind. However it is now generally believed that less than 5% of the physical composition of the universe is made up of such “matter”, and the majority of the universe is composed of Dark Matter and Dark Energy – with no agreement amongst scientists about what these are made of. This obviously refutes the traditional materialism that held that the only things that exist are things composed of the kind of matter with which we are broadly familiar (“traditional matter”) – which was anyway under great strain as noted above from Relativity and quantum field theory. But if the definition of “matter” is extended to “anything whose existence can be inferred from the observed behaviour of traditional matter” then there is no reason in principle why entities whose existence materialists normally deny should not be considered as “matter”
Some philosophers feel that these dichotomies necessitate a switch from materialism to physicalism. Others use materialism and physicalism interchangeably.
Criticism and alternatives
The professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame Alvin Plantinga criticises it, and the Emiritus Regius Professor of Divinity Keith Ward suggests that materialism is rare amongst contemporary UK philosophers: “Looking around my philosopher colleagues in Britain, virtually all of whom I know at least from their published work, I would say that very few of them are materialists.”.
Religious and spiritual objections
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, materialism denies the existence of both God and the soul. It is therefore incompatible with most world religions including Islam,Christianity, Judaism, and Buddhism.
In most of Hinduism and Transcendentalism, all matter is believed to be an illusion calledMaya, blinding us from knowing the truth. Maya is the limited, purely physical and mental reality in which our everyday consciousness has become entangled. Maya gets destroyed for a person when they perceive Brahman with transcendental knowledge.
Kant argued against all three forms of materialism, subjective idealism (which he contrasts with his “transcendental idealism”) and dualism. However, Kant also argues that change and time require an enduring substrate., and does so in connection with his Refutation of Idealism
Philosopher Mary Midgley, among others , argues that materialism is aself-refuting idea, at least in its eliminative form. While some critics hold that matter is an ill-defined concept, it is not clear that substitutes, such as Spirit, or Hegelian Geist fare any better.
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Bundle Theory. It can be argued that it is the properties of material bodies, such as size and shape, which are perceived, and not the material substrate itself. Locke said we “know not what” the basic substance is. As Berkeley wrote “I acknowledge it is possible we might perceive all things just as we do now, though there was no Matter in the world; neither can I conceive, if there be Matter, how it should produce any idea in our minds”. If mind-independent properties (properly speaking property-instances or tropes) are held to exist in association with each other but without a material substrate, bundle theory results. If bundle theory is shown to be illogical or inconceivable, the existence of a substrate is thereby demonstrated conceptually, despite the unpercievability of matter per se.
Idealism. An argument for idealism, such as those of Hegel and Berkeley is ipso facto an argument against materialism. Matter can be argued to be redundant, as in bundle theory, and mind-independent properties can in turn be reduced to subjective percepts.
Dualism. If matter is seen as necessary to explain the physical world, but incapable of explaining mind, dualism results.
Emergence, Holism and Process philosophy are some of the approaches that seek to ameliorate the perceived shortcomings of traditional (especially mechanistic) materialism without abandoning materialism entirely.
Materialism as methodology
Some critics object to materialism as part of an overly skeptical, narrow or reductivistapproach to theorizing, rather than to the ontological claim that matter is the only substance.Particle physicist and theologian John Polkinghorne objects to what he calls promissory materialism — claims that materialistic science will eventually be able to explain phenomena it has not so far been able to explain. He prefers dual-aspect monism to materialism.
The psychologist Imants Barušs suggests that “materialists tend to indiscriminately apply a ‘pebbles in a box’ schema to explanations of reality even though such a schema is known to be incorrect in general for physical phenomena. Thus, materialism cannot explain matter, let alone anomalous phenomena or subjective experience , but remains entrenched in academia largely for political reasons.” (Compare with Charles Fort)
The flow of time
Four-dimensionalism is the most commonly accepted theory of time among members of the scientific community. Critics of materialism could argue that it’s impossible for our subjective sense of time to arise from a static, four-dimensional universe. It must be noted that the flow of time isn’t the same as the arrow of time.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical context? To what degree can philosophical texts from prior historical eras even be understood today?
All cultures — be they prehistoric, ancient, medieval, or modern; Eastern, Western, religiousor secular — have had their own unique schools of philosophy, arrived at through both inheritance and through independent discovery. Such theories have grown from differentpremises and approaches, examples of which include (but are not limited to) rationalism(theories arrived at through logic), empiricism (theories arrived at through observation), and even through leaps of faith, hope and inheritance (such as the supernaturalist philosophies and religions).
History of philosophy seeks to catalogue and classify such development. The goal is to understand the development of philosophical ideas through time.
More Particularly Indian Schools of Philosophies(points from MSMT): Â
Continuous study- research and innovation through conscious human effort.
Continuous realization by in ward looking and outward looking. Realization by accident or design.
3. Integrating research and realization.
Only realized individuals with big picture can do this.
4 Scope for many intellectuals to join the search.
MATERIALIST SPIRITUALIST MISSION TRUST (MSMT) was registered as a Public Charitable Trust on 11.6.2003 with a view to create an organization with global outlook which will work towards the development of people of various religions, regions, materialists, economic and social groups of the entire globe and to Indian people of various religions, regions, materialists, economic and social groups in particular for creating a clean, efficient, effective, synergic and healthy global society. Â
The Objectives of the Trust are:Â
ÂThe activities of the Trust are:Â
The immediate activities are literature screening, book reviews, group discussions, Trust magazine creation, etc.Some literature screening is already done .It is suggested to read Eastern and Western Philosophies, Bible, Koran, Geeta, Vedic and Puranic, Buddhist, Jain and other religious literature in conjunction with Brihaspati/Charvaka Philosophy and the following website onorigin of life:
and contemporary subjects like psychology, social psychology , sociology and anthropology for the big picture on the issue of “TRUTH”.